In this age of technological development, one word you hear a lot is 3D printing.

What is 3D printing, and what are its applications in our daily lives?

best 3d printer india

Until now, we were thinking that 3D printers are tools concerning scientists and engineers.

Yes, we are right in a way because engineers and designers have more uses for 3D printers than anyone else.

However, 3D printers have diverse applications.

It can surprise you that 3D printing is not a new concept at all. It was there more than three decades ago.

By the do you know what they used to call 3D printing technology in the good old days?

If I say that the answer is ‘entire solid imaging process stereolithography,’ you would be scratching your head in despair.

Therefore, we shall stick to the simple term 3D printing and understand its functioning so that it becomes easy for us to buy one.

Before discussing the buying guide for 3D printers, let us go through some of the best 3D printers available in India.

Best 3D Printers in India

1. WOL 3D Upgraded Creality Ender 3 Easy to Assemble Premium DIY 3D Printer

This 3D printer is easy to assemble, as it does not take more than two hours for you to do so.

The DIY manual enclosed is a handy one. On the performance front, this 3D printer works on advanced technology using an upgraded extruder.

Hence, it reduces plugging risk. The V-Slot design with POM wheels makes this 3D printer as noiseless as it can be.

Therefore, it is a smooth and durable appliance in many ways. This one-piece structure has a large printing base.

This 3D printer is a quick one because it does not need more than five minutes for the hotbed to reach 100 degrees Centigrade.

The best aspect of this 3D printer is that it comes with a power-cut protection facility. It can resume the job from where it left off during the power cut.

Therefore, it is an excellent printer for a long time printing. The CNC machining of the Y-rail mounting groove ensures precise positioning, thereby delivering exceptional results.

It exhibits high-level engraving accuracy of 0.1mm nozzle size in spite of having a single nozzle size of 0.4mm. This printer can attain a maximum print speed of 180mm/sec.

However, printing at such speeds can affect the overall quality of the product. This printer is compatible with printing materials like PLA and ABS.

Pros
  • Ideal nozzle size of 0.4mm to deliver excellent results
  • DIY model, easy to assemble
  • Power cut protection facility
Cons
  • The printing surface is hard
  • The depression at the centre makes it difficult to get the ideal adhesion
  • Not suitable for large printing jobs

2. 3D Bazaar Creality Ender 3 3D Printer Aluminium DIY with Resume Print

The 3D Bazaar Creality Ender is an open-frame 3D printer that is easy to assemble. The DIY manual is self-explanatory.

Assembling this printer requires fixing of around 20 nuts. It should not take more than two hours to do so.

This printer comes with various assembled parts. The advanced technology enables the machine to deliver high-quality 3D prints. It reduces plugging risk and bad extrusion, as well.

This machine is noiseless because the V-Slot comes equipped with POM wheels.

This appliance passes through stringent quality checks before delivery. Hence, you get a high-quality, performing 3D printer.

The USP of this printer is the ‘Resume Print Function.’ This feature enables the printer to resume printing without any hassles after a power outage.

It is a handy machine to have because the hotbed does not take more than five minutes to attain the ideal temperature of 110 degrees.

The nozzle temperature can reach as high as 255 degrees C.

This printer uses the FDM technique and works on STL, OBJ, and G-Code. The ideal filament to use is the 1.75mm PLA or ABS. The nozzle diameter measures 0.4mm, and it delivers excellent precision.

It can achieve a maximum print speed of 180mm/sec.

Pros
  • Easy to assemble and use
  • CNC machining of Y-rail mounting grooves makes it a stable printer
  • The new viscous platform sticker feature saves printing costs
Cons
  • Outdated firmware needs updating
  • Does not have thermal runaway protection

3. Docooler Creality 3D Ender-3 3D Printer DIY Easy-Assemble

The significant benefit of the Docooler Creality 3D printer is that it is one of the most comfortable printers to assemble. It requires twelve steps for a smooth assembly.

Thus, you save a lot of time. It features an upgraded MK-10 extruder that reduces plugging risks and bad extrusions. Therefore, you get an excellent result because the printing process becomes easy.

The hotbed can reach the optimum temperature of 110 degrees C within five minutes. It qualifies as a fast printer in many ways.

Another positive aspect of this DIY 3D printer is its ability to resume printing without any hassles after a power-cut. It proves useful because you do not have to rerun the entire program resulting in wastage of printing materials.

This printer adopts the V-slot linear bearing system and wheel moving parts to reduce noise. In spite of being an open-frame 3D printer, it makes the least noise of all.

This high-quality printer has an accuracy of plus or minus 0.1mm, thereby ensuring tremendous performance. The 220X220X250mm large print bed is useful for large printing jobs.

It features a CNC-machines Y-rail mounting groove to ensure perfect positioning and stability.

This printer works on FDM technique and is compatible with ABS, TPU, and PLA filaments having a diameter size of 1.75mm.

Pros
  • Ideal for large printing assignments
  • Easy to assemble
  • Nozzle diameter of 0.4mm
Cons
  • Large jobs require a higher temperature. This printer can reach a maximum nozzle temperature of 255 degrees C only.

4. Rapid Rabit Prusa 13 3D Printer

The high-quality Rapid Rabit Prusa 13 3D printer is one of the best printers available on the market. The highlight of this printer is that it delivers speedy performance.

The print bed size of 210X210X210mm should be ideal for large assignments. This FDM-based printer is compatible with printing materials like nylon, PLA, ABS, HPS, and PVA.

The print bed does not take much time to heat up, thereby ensuring a quick job.

The printer features a 0.4mm nozzle, ideal for beginners. The delivery speed is optimum for catering to large assignments.

The CNC-machines Y-mounting grooves improve the stability of the printer and ensure precise positioning.

This machine features a PCB heated aluminium print bed. Hence, it is light in weight when compared to its peers.

Assembling this DIY kit is easy because of the helpful manual of instructions. People with an engineering background can connect laser engraving elements, as well.

Pros
  • Excellent performance
  • Suitable for large print jobs
  • FDM working, hence easy to use
Cons
  • Requires a minor upgrade to perform better

5. Flashforge Adventurer 3 3D Printer

Flashforge Adventurer 3 is a close-frame 3D printer. Therefore, it is secure to use and delivers impeccable performance.

There is no chance for any dust particles to stick to the plastic or other filaments, as the operation takes place in an enclosed chamber.

This printer features a removable platform and automatic filament feeding. The detachable extruder structure ensures perfect stability. Hence, it does not require levelling printing, thereby saving time and cost.

The built-in cartridge feeding function can automatically detect the filament and start loading after its insertion. The compact printer can handle small and large print jobs with equal ease.

There are facilities to use this printer from remote locations, as cloud printing is possible. The built-in camera function enables you to monitor the printer from anywhere.

The closed-frame ensures that it does not make any noise at all. The transparent window enables the user to monitor the printing activities.

This printer exhibits a printing precision of 0.1 to 0.2mm. It is compatible with printing materials like PLA and ABS.

Cleaning the various parts is easy because it is easy to remove and reassemble them.

Pros
  • Closed-frame printer, hence excellent performance
  • Removable extruder makes it easy to manage
  • Cloud printing possible
  • Auto-levelling features
Cons
  • As it is an auto-levelling printer, it is difficult to rectify issues like a bent print bed
  • Fixing or calibrating this machine is expensive

6. Flashforge Finder 3D Printer by WOL3D with 1 Filament Free

Flashforge Finder 3D printer is a close-frame printer. Hence, it is excellent from the safety angle. It comes in a fully-assembled state.

Thus, it does not require any installing. A few tweaks are necessary for the printer to start working. The touchscreen panel is a dream to work with.

This machine also features a filament-exhaust detection function, USB stick, and 2nd generation WiFi connection. It makes the printer easy to control from remote locations.

The clean design with concealed cabling makes it an extremely safe machine to use. There is no need to touch any heated component.

Secondly, it comes with a non-toxic PLA filament option that improves the environmental friendliness of this appliance. This machine is different from the Flashforge appliance discussed earlier because it comes with an assisted levelling system.

This machine can work with a printing accuracy of 0.1mm. The nozzle diameter is 0.4mm, ideal for carrying out 3D printing assignments.

The print speed is in the range of 40 to 200mm/sec. Therefore, you get high-quality prints every time you use this machine. This printer is fully compatible with PLA and ABS alone.

Pros
  • Closed-frame printer, hence safe
  • Excellent performance
  • Assisted levelling
  • Fast printing jobs are done with high accuracy
Cons
  • Comes with a non-standard spool size
  • Need to buy a separate spool holder
  • A bit on the expensive side

7. Makerbricks 13C 3D Printer

Makerbricks 13C 3D printer is an entry-level printer. It is one of the best machines for first-time users. Assembling this printer is easy because it already comes in a semi-assembled state. The manual has clear instructions enabling users to complete the assembling aspects. Videos are also available to help users in this regard.

This printer is an open-frame 3D printer that is compatible with filaments like PLA and ABS. The FDM-based working makes it one of the most simple machines to use.

The print bed size of 200X200mm is ideal for medium-level printing jobs. The GT2 pulleys ensure that the tool makes as little noise as possible while delivering an exemplary performance.

The CNC-machine Y-mounting groove adds to the stability of the machine. It improves the precision levels and features a power distribution board for quick heating.

Connecting it to your computer is easy because the kit includes the appropriate USB cable.

Pros
  • Easy to assemble and set up
  • Best printer for mid-level printing assignments
  • Excellent performance for an open-frame machine
Cons
  • Open frame machine hence can cause accidental injuries if one does not take precautions
  • Chances of dust contamination are always present in open-frame printers.
.

8. Anet A8 3D Printer with High Accuracy Self Assembly DIY Kit

Anet A8 3D printer is one of the easiest ones to set up. This printer comes in an unassembled state. Users have to build up the printer from scratch using the simple instructions provided in the manual. This machine provides you with an excellent opportunity for understanding how 3D printers work.

This open-frame 3D printer supports different types of filaments like ABS, PLA, Wood, Nylon PVA, and luminescent 3D printing filament.

Hence, this printer is a favourite with everyone regardless of their age.

This machine works on almost all types of Windows OS, Mac, and Linux. Hence, it is one of the most user-friendly 3D printers in town.

Pros
  • Excellent performance at low investment costs
  • Supports an extended range of filaments of varying diameters
  • Unique educational experience
  • Ideal for medium-level printing jobs
Cons
  • Moderate starter kit, hence should not have high expectations
  • Open-frame 3D printer, therefore not safe enough because of heated components

Buying Guide for 3D printers

If 3D printers were there for more than three decades, why do people think about it as something new?

It is because the technology is advancing at a tremendous rate today. It has made these printers cheap and affordable.

3d-printer-buying-guide

Now, you must be jumping around the place and saying, Nah, 3D printing is expensive. Yes, it is, but it is affordable and a lot cheaper than it used to be before.

What are the vital questions that come to mind when you decide to buy a 3D printer?

  • Do you need a 3D printer in the first place?
  • If so, what type of 3D should you go for?
  • What are your objectives?
  • When you know your objectives, you should also know which printer would help you to meet your expectations.
  • Where can you buy your 3D printer?

These were some of the general questions, but engineering and science students would ask something technical and related to the functioning of the printer.

  • How crucial is the 3D print speed?
  • Which printing materials should you use?
  • What should be the ideal print bed size?

What Is 3D Printing and How Does It Work? | Mashable Explains

We shall look at these points when discussing the buying guide.

Many people in the world buy something for the sake of buying. Such people are impulsive. This trait is not restricted to 3D printers alone.

They buy something and later on regret why they bought it. The point we make is that one should research before purchasing something as expensive as a 3D printer.

The most expensive printer on the market is not necessarily the best one available. Similarly, the printers that offer the highest discounts on online retail stores might not be worth their discounted price itself.

Therefore, it is advisable to go through customer ratings and reviews before choosing the ideal 3D printer.Do your research well

The best way to make any decision is to complete the checking box exercise. It entails checking or ticking each box that could end up easing the entire process of choosing the perfect appliance.

Here are some questions that could form a part of your checking box exercise.

  • What are you looking to print using your 3D printer?Do you have a clear idea about the size of your printed objects?
  • What type of materials would you like to use for printing?
  • What would be your ideal print resolution?
  • How many colours do you want to use?
  • On what surface would you like to print your objects?
  • Is it better to use a closed or an open frame?
  • Does your 3D printer have any limitations?

You can keep adding more questions. Now, let us see how many items you have ticked. As you go through the buying guide, you can always come back and tick the relevant box after understanding its importance.

There is no need for worrying because this buying guide is for such people who do not know what a 3D printer is.

Do you need a 3D printer?

The question might be a simple one, but the answer is not. Let us assume you are an engineering student who has to complete some project in your engineering course.

You need a 3D printer to meet your objectives. However, do you need to invest in a 3D printer to print a couple of objects and forget about it afterwards?

You can as well print it outside and pay for it. It becomes cheaper. If you wish to put your 3D printer to greater use, it makes sense to have one of your own. It is less expensive in the end.

Nowadays, you have the DIY 3D printers that enable you to create any model you like and print it as well.

If your profession is designing 3D models, you should go for a high-end 3D printer. Thus, your requirements decide whether you need a printer or not.

Now, you need a 3D printer.

what kind of printer should you opt to have?

As a professional, you know the utility of your 3D printer. Therefore, you should go for the printer that not only produces what you want but also caters to the quality aspect.

It would be right to state here that there are nine different types of 3D printing technologies today. Of course, you do not need to know all the nine.

It is enough if you are aware of what works best for you. Here are the nine printing technologies in use today.

Stereolithography SLA – uses liquid plastic to create objects

Fused Deposition Modelling – FDM – Melts special plastic filaments for printing 3D objects

Digital Light Processing – DLP – uses a projector to cure photopolymer resin

Selective Laser Melting – SLM – use of a laser to melt powdered metal materials for building solid objects

Selective Laser Sintering – SLS – specialized lasers convert specific powdered material into a solid form

Laminated Object Manufacturing – LOM – Uses sheets of layered plastic and paper building materials

Electronic Beam Melting – EBM – A powerful electric beam heats and melts powdered metal

Binder Jetting – BJ – bonds a liquid binding agent onto thin layers of a special powder to bind particles and create 3D printed models

Material Jetting – MJ – use inkjet print heads for melting wax-type materials on the printer’s platform

Of the nine technologies, the most common ones for home users are the first two technologies listed above, SLA and FDM. Shall we discuss them in brief?

Stereolithography – SLAFused Deposition Modelling – FDM

SLA 3D printers are some of the best ones for home use. These printers work on a versatile technology.

This technology creates 3D parts by exposing successive layers of photosensitive resin to an ultraviolet laser beam.

Does this explanation sound too technical?

Let us simplify it for everyone to understand. In simple words, this technology begins with liquid plastic that hardens on cooling to produce 3D objects.

The technique is such that the printer moves down layer by layer after each print cycle. As the new layers settle on top of the previous hardened layers, this technology requires support structures.

At the end of the period, the product could need rinsing or even bake in a UV oven.

FDM is the most common of all 3D printing techniques. This technology is present since the 1980s.

The best aspect of FDM is that it is the least expensive of all methods, as well.

This technique involves heating to extrude a thermoplastic filament for creating one layer of the object.

At the end of the cycle, the print bed lowers the object slightly to enable the subsequent layer to sit atop the previous one. This process goes on until completion.

Overhanging objects thus, require support structures. The positive aspect of FDM machines is that the filament rolls are comparatively cheap. FDM is a continuously evolving technique.

It has seen various improvements over the past four decades.

FDM 3D Printing: How to prototype like a pro (in 10min!)

Which of the two is the better one?

If pricing is not an issue, the SLA 3D printers are better, but people having a constrained budget should opt for FDM. SLA 3D printers provide a high-quality finish in comparison to FDM printers.

One should note that all 3D printers are not equal. They use various technologies for printing 3D objects. Hence, one should focus on two critical aspects.

  • Resolution – the smaller the resolution, the better is the print quality
  • Print speed – the typical print speeds are 40-50 mm/s, 80 to 100 mm/s, and 150 mm/s

SLA 3D Printing: How to print highly detailed parts (STRENGTH TEST)

Importance of print speed

Speed has great significance in 2D printing. The faster the printing speed, the better is the output and popularity. However, it is not so in 3D printing.

The higher the printing speed, the lower is the quality of the production. Hence, you have to be wary of printers that boast of speeds higher than 150 mm/s.

Secondly, the speed of printing is a crucial aspect when it comes to printing large objects. The slower the print speed, the better is the option.

Remember that 3D printing is a creative profession and not a casual hobby. It is better to set the 3D printer and continue with your other work while the printer does its job.

The layer height is a critical factor. The taller the structure, the more time it will take for printing. Printing at a higher resolution can take a long time, as well. Hence, a lot depends on the speed of printing.

What is the ultimate objective of buying your 3D printer?

It depends on your plans. If you envisage a significant job, would you opt for a small printer? No, it will not serve the purpose.

Hence, your goals and objectives decide the type of printer you purchase. Do you envisage printing bright objects?

If so, you might need a particular printer with multiple extruders, as not all 3D printers are capable of printing using different colours.

How Is 3D Printing Changing The World

Where do you buy your 3D printer?

The 3D printers are available all over the market. Online retail stores like Amazon, eBay and many others are the ideal places to scout for 3D printers

. You have a good variety. At the same time, there is extreme competition whereby you get fabulous discounts, as well.

Some people advocate going for second-hand printers. However, it is not advisable, as you do not know how the earlier user had used the machine.

Buying a new 3D printer is beneficial, as you can touch and feel your device before you buy it. Secondly, you can bank on the warranty and the return options that come with new appliances.

Buying it online from Amazon is beneficial because you can go through customer reviews and ratings. Some of the FAQs can be enlightening.

You can learn many things by reading through issues that other buyers face. Remember that the seller of the printer will never highlight the negative aspects of the appliance. Customer reviews can help you a lot in these aspects.

Materials you should use for printing

Can you use the 2D printer without the inkjet cartridge or the toner? No, you cannot. Similarly, you need the appropriate materials for 3D printing.

One can use a variety of materials, depending on their requirements. Industrial 3D printers make use of metals and high-quality plastic.

However, we shall discuss the kind of materials that you could use at home for 3D printing. Usually, such printers use plastic filaments.

The advantage of synthetic filaments is that they come in a range of diameters, colours, and lengths. Secondly, they are readily available online.

We shall look at three common types of plastic printing materials for your benefit.

ABS – Acrylonitrile Butadiene StyrenePVA – Polyvinyl AlcoholPLA – Polylactic Acid

This material is ideal for printing toys, musical instruments, and even kitchen appliances. You must have played with the Lego bricks in your childhood. These bricks are the most excellent examples of ABS.

PVA, a special water-soluble plastic is also a key printing material. One can find it in paper adhesives, packaging materials, hygiene products, and kid’s putty. Another use of PVA is that it serves as support structures to 3D objects while printing.

Environmental conservation is the critical need of the hour. PLA is an environmentally friendly printing material when you compare it with PVA and ABS. Items like surgical implants.

Food packaging products and disposable garments contain PLA.

We have seen three common materials used for printing. However, they have their benefits and drawbacks. It depends on what you want to print.

It is essential to check whether your 3D printer supports the filament diameter you wish to order. Some printers accept both the sizes, 1.75 mm and 3 mm.

These materials are readily available online where you can buy them by weight or with the spool option.

3D printed Eiffel tower time lapse

The print bed size is crucial

The print bed is responsible for holding the object steady. These beds come in heated and non-heated options.

It is necessary to ensure that the object adheres to the printer bed before the process. One can do so in two ways, by heating or by using adhesives.

Much depends on the type of filament you use. ABS requires a heated bed, whereas PLA works with heat, as well as adhesives.

A bigger 3D print bed is necessary for printing large objects. Therefore, the size of the print bed matters a lot.

Open or Close frame

As the name suggests, an open-frame 3D printer allows the user to watch the printing job.

It also lets you access the printer bed and extruder. It offers a lot of conveniences, but open-frame 3D printers have their disadvantages, as well.

Hence, a closed-frame 3D printer is a better option.

As opposed to open-frame 3D printers, the closed-frame models come with an enclosed structure. The most significant benefit of such a printer is that it is safe.

Printer parts can become hot because of the use of molten plastic and metals. Would you like your kids or pets to touch these areas accidentally?

Secondly, the smell of plastic can be overwhelming, especially if it is for extended periods in ill-ventilated rooms.

Closed-frame 3D printers make less noise as compared to open-frame appliances. Maintaining the ideal temperature is comfortable with closed-frame 3D printers.

Are you ready to decide?

We have discussed various aspects of a 3D printer that should make your decision process easy. The next thing to do is to go through the list of best printers available in India. You could end up finding the one that suits your requirements.

Before we move on to the FAQs, would it not be better to glance through the glossary of technical terms that you encounter with 3D printers?

Print bed, build plate, print table – the surface where the printer performs 3D printing

Build Platform – The component that supports the print bed

Extruder – The melting of the filament takes place here. It is also helpful in layering the thermoplastic filaments one over the other.

Filament – The material used for 3D printing

Layer height – The thickness of a layer in a 3D print

Nozzle – used to control to amount of extruded printing materials

Overhang – The part of the 3D object that does not have support underneath

Resolution – Layer thickness measured in dots per inch (dpi)

Frequently Asked Questions about 3D printers

Which is the most common type of 3D printer?
The FDM printer is the most common, as it is the least expensive of all 3D printers. It is also a DIY printer that one can assemble quickly.
How does the FDM printer work?
In simple terms, this printer heats the plastic and forces it out of a small nozzle, very much similar to the squeezing of toothpaste from the tube. Imagine placing one layer of toothpaste and wait for it to harden before putting another layer over it. The FDM printer uses plastic filaments and melts them before placing them one layer over the other to complete the 3D object.
What are the most common materials used for 3D printing?
Usually, you have plastic filaments unwound from a spool and pushed through the extrusion nozzle. The plastic melts due to the heat and comes out in a steady flow. The other common materials are PLA and ABS.
What materials do the SLA printers use?
SLA printers use photopolymer resin. As ultraviolet light strikes on the resin, it cures or hardens, thereby creating the object one layer over the other.
How long does it take to print an object in 3D?

It depends on various factors.

  • Size of the model
  • The printing materials you use
  • The height of the layers
  • The complexity of the design
  • Whether your object needs support
  • The type of 3D printer you have
  • Depending on these factors, 3D prints can take time.
Can I build my 3D printer?
Yes, it is possible to build your 3D printer. DIY kits are available online. You also have manuals on YouTube and other social media channels that detail the assembling aspects of a 3D printer.
Where do I purchase a DIY kit?
The DIY kits are available on online retail stores like Amazon, eBay, AliExpress, and so on.
Do 3D printers make a lot of noise?
All printers have stepper motors and belts moving around. Hence, it is natural for 3D printers to make a sound. Even your 2D printer creates a sound. An open-frame 3D printer makes more noise as compared to the closed-frame models.
Is it possible to control the 3D printer remotely?
Yes, the advanced technology allows you to control 3D printers remotely via the internet or your local network.
What is the ideal thickness for the filament, 1.75 mm or 3 mm?
The first question to answer here is, ‘do you have a choice?’ It depends on the printer you purchase. You have to use the thickness that suits your printer. As the 1.75 mm filament is thinner, it is more flexible in comparison. Hence, it needs less pressure to print. At the same time, the thin filament tends to break easily, as well. The 3 mm filament is not much flexible. It requires more torque on the printer motors to push it through the extruder.
What is G-Code?
G-code is the software that your printer uses to print your 3D model. You can find G-code in files as commands that instruct where and how the printer should move and extrude (X, Y, and Z directions).
What are the different nozzle sizes available?

Nozzles come in different sizes. The printing material flows out through these nozzles onto the print bed to form the 3D object. You have a choice between the following nozzle sizes. This table should make things easy.

Thus, you can see that the smaller the nozzle size, the better is the quality. However, the ideal nozzle size for a beginner should be 0.4mm.

Final thoughts

We have discussed everything that needs discussion, as far as 3D printers for home use are concerned. Industrial 3D printers are bigger and more sophisticated in comparison.

This buying guide should clear all your doubts about 3D printing and make it easy for you to purchase the ideal 3D printer to suit your requirements.

Source: all3dp, 3dprinting, 3dhubs

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