Photography is a popular hobby among the millennial and Gen X generations.
The availability of smartphones with high-quality cameras has turned almost every youngster into a photographer.
Yes, smartphone cameras are good to take simple photographs. It is also easy to share such photographs on social media as well.
Canon and Nikon are two names that immediately come to mind when there is any discussion on DSLR cameras.
Best DSLR Camera under ₹40,000
1. Canon EOS 200D 24.2MP Digital SLR Camera + EF-S 18-55mm f4 STM Lens
Canon is a leading DSLR camera manufacturer in the world. This product comes with high-quality features that make photography as simple as possible.
The 24.2MP APS-C-size CMOS sensor enables you to take explicit photographs in poor lighting conditions such as indoors or even at night.
It enables you to set up ISO speeds up to 25600 (expandable up to 51200) to produce grain-free images while retaining all natural colours.
This camera comprises an auto-focusing lens and a vari-angle touchscreen LCD panel to enable you to focus and capture your images while in the Live View mode.
Shooting videos are fun with the Canon EOS 200D, as you can shoot movies in full HD.
It can also capture smooth footage with the help of five creative filters that include ‘Old movies’ and ‘Dramatic B/W.’ Shooting HDR and time-lapse movies are also possible with Canon EOS 200D.
The guided menu makes it easy for you to understand the controls.
Rotating the 3.0-inch vari-angle LCD monitor allows you to take self-portraits. This camera comes with connectivity features like Wi-Fi, NFC, and Bluetooth. Hence, sharing images on social media is easy.
A free camera case and 16GB card are part of the package.
2. Nikon D3400 Digital Camera Kit with lens AF-P DX Nikkor 18 to 55mm and 70 to 300mm
Nikon is an ideal competitor to Canon in the field of manufacturing DSLR cameras of high quality. The Nikon D3400 comes with attractive features that make it one of the best cameras available in the range of Rs 40,000.
Nikon D3400 is the first entry-level DSLR enabled with SnapBridge connectivity via in-built Bluetooth technology.
This technology eliminates the need for the camera to connect to a smart device for each image transfer. The connection remains valid even when you shut off the camera.
Hence, this camera comes with excellent image sharing features. You can also automatically upload the images into Nikon Image Space.
The D3400 comes with a remarkable ISO range of 100-25600 to enable you to take sharp grain-free pictures.
The Expeed 4-image processing engine delivers accurate colours and fine details. The auto-focusing technology available on the D3400 ensures that your loved ones always remain within range at all times.
The continuous shooting speed of five frames per second ensures that you do not miss a priceless memory.
Capturing high-quality video in full HD is possible. This camera comes with a dual lens. You can attach the longer-range lens to take capture excellent long-distance photographs.
This camera comes with ten different special effects such as Night Vision and Miniature effect to take exciting photos.
3. Nikon D5600 Digital Camera 18-55mm VR Kit
Compared to the Nikon D3400, the D5600 is cheaper because it comes with a single lens. It is an extremely high-quality camera with some of the best features.
The D5600 brings your creativity to life with the 24.2MP resolution and Expeed Image processor along with an ISO range of 100 to 25600.
It enables you to take high-quality pictures. This camera also allows for shooting Full HD videos and time-lapse movies in low lighting conditions.
The vari-angle LCD monitor and the intuitive touch interface helps focus on the objects with a great deal of ease.
Sharing your images on social media is easy because of the SnapBridge technology that enables automatic transfer of images from the camera to your smart devices.
The built-in Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and NFC connectivity features allow for easy set up of sharing with the SnapBridge app.
This camera comes equipped with a DX-format CMOS image sensor allows you to capture amazingly sharp and tonally rich images and videos.
The Expeed 4-image processing engine improves the overall speed and performance of the camera in shooting situations.
The ISO-100 to 25600 range is ideal for achieving crisp and sharp grain-free images with suppressed noise levels.
The D5600 has a 39-point autofocus system to cover a wide area of the frame. It is ideal for high-speed shooting because of its capability to shoot five frames per second.
The vari-angle LCD monitor can swing up to 180 degrees to enable you to discover a fresh point of view.
4. Canon EOS 1500D 24.1MP Digital SLR Camera (Black) with 18-55 and 55-250mm
Canon produces some of the excellent DSLR cameras in the world. The best aspect of Canon cameras is the ease with which you can use it. Here are some of its exciting features.
Advanced users will relish the large 24.1MP APS-C size CMOS sensor as it allows you to capture high-quality pictures and offers facilities like image cropping.
The DIGIC 4+ image processor is a fast one that enables shooting of images with beautiful colour gradations.
The ISO speed of 100 to 6400 ensures that you take photographs of good quality with minimal noise.
This camera has a large 3.0-inch LCD screen with a Live View mode to enable fine-tuning of the composition and framing.
It comes with five creative filter effects to ensure high-quality images. The Shoot by Ambience selection feature is another way to create emotive images.
The Camera Connect app feature helps to pair your camera with your smartphone. Therefore, you can upload photos and videos to your smartphone and share it on social media.
This app also allows you connect to printers and TV sets as well using Connect Station CS100.
5. Nikon D5300 24.2MP Digital SLR Camera (Black) with AF-P 18-55mm f/3.5 to 5.6g
Nikon D5300 is a high-quality camera that is compatible with three different lens sizes. It comes with other exciting features like excellent connectivity to enable easy sharing.
The Nikon D5300 is the perfect camera for avid photographers who want to take the next step towards professional photography.
This camera has advanced features such as APS-C CMOS sensor with 24.2MP resolution that allows for excellent image cropping.
The superb sensitivity range of ISO 100 to 12800 enables you to take photos in low-lighting conditions.
It also helps in retaining the natural colours in the background without compromising on the details on the principal subject.
Recording full HD videos with the Nikon D5300 is easy as it can record @ 60 frames per second. Hence, it is an excellent camera for shooting fast action scenes.
The fast aperture lenses and movie modes allow you to recreate cinematic effects on your videos with shallow depth of field.
The vari-angle and swivelling action of the LCD monitor make it easy to capture images in constricted spaces.
This camera comes with an in-built GPS function for storing location, altitude, and other geographical information.
The camera’s 39-point autofocus makes it easy to maintain focus even when the subject is in motion.
This camera comes with a free Wireless Mobile Utility app that helps connect with your smartphone to enable a smooth transfer of your photos and uploading it on social media.
6. Canon EOS 1300D-18MP Digital SLR Camera with two lenses, 18-55 and 55-250mm
This Canon DSLR camera, EOS 1300D comes with two types of lenses with focal length 18 to 55mm and 55 to 250mm. It is ideal for long distance as well as portrait photography. This camera comes with exciting features such as,
Canon EOS 1300D allows you to take high-quality pictures and shoot cinematic Full HD movies with 18MP resolution.
The best aspect of this camera is that it is easy to share your photos and videos using NFC, WiFi, and Bluetooth.
The Canon Camera Connect app allows you to share and transfer images to compatible smartphones. It is possible to capture detailed photos using the large 18.0MP APS-C size sensor.
It will enable image cropping as well. Capturing images in low light can be an issue because of the low sensitivity range of ISO 100 to 6400.
However, this camera comes with features whereby you can extend the sensitivity to 12,800 thereby letting you take clear images in poor lighting conditions.
The DIGIC 4+ processor enables you to shoot detailed images along with accurate colours and contrast.
Shooting high-quality HD videos is also possible with this camera. The Video Snapshot feature allows the camera to combine movie clips into a video montage.
The Scene Intelligent Auto feature ensures that you do not worry about the settings as it assumes full control.
Features to look when buying DSLR under Rs 40,000
We have seen top DSLR cameras of good quality. If you compare the features of the cameras, you will find that almost all of them have similar features.
They only differ in aspects such as focal length, apertures, ISO and shutter speeds, and so on. These features decide the quality of your DSLR camera. Let us now discuss these aspects in detail.
The image sensor is a light-sensitive component of DSLR cameras that digitally records the image after pressing the shutter.
When you purchase a DSLR, you have a choice of going for a full-frame image sensor or an APS-C sensor (crop sensor).
Note that the image sensor in a DSLR camera is larger than the sensors you have on smartphone cameras and other still photography cameras.
The size of the sensor decides the quantity of light it uses to create the image. APS-C sensors can render exceptional photos.
However, a camera with a full-frame sensor will allow more light than an APS-C sensor thereby providing sharper and clearer images in low light conditions.
The image processor is the brain of the DSLR camera. Each DSLR camera manufacturer uses a specific image processor.
One of the prime areas to focus when you look at image processors is the number of frames it can shoot per second.
Usually, five frames per second should be ideal for still cameras and a speed of 60 frames per second is perfect for video shooting.
You measure the resolution of DSLR cameras in megapixels. One megapixel equals one million pixels.
The common concept is that the higher the number of megapixels, the better is the resolution. However, it is not entirely accurate because not all megapixels are equal.
You have smartphones that come with 30 to 40MP cameras. However, that does not make it better than a DSLR camera.
The manufacturers have to pack in these megapixels into a small sensor. It is a challenging job to do so.
The smartphones have smaller pixels packed together as compared to DSLR cameras. Hence, an 18MP or 24MP DSLR camera is any day better than a 40MP smartphone camera.
Every lens comes with an aperture range. You measure the adjustments in units known as f-stops.
The higher the number, the smaller is the aperture. Consequently, less light passes through the lens. It, therefore, increases the distance in front of and behind the focus thereby making the image look sharp.
On the other hand, a larger aperture allows more light to pass through the lens. It decreases the distance in front of and behind the focus thereby delivering a diffused image and produce a softer and stylish effect.
DSLR cameras have an advantage in the sense that they can utilise a fast lens such as f/2.8 or faster.
It thus enables to enhance the camera’s ability to deliver excellent images, even in low light conditions.
ISO and Shutter Speeds
The shutter speed of a camera is like a gateway to control the amount of light streaming into the camera.
The longer one keeps the shutter open, the higher is the amount of light you allow to enter the camera whereby you create a more significant blur.
The DSLR cameras adjust to the ideal shutter speed depending on the lighting. If you have low light conditions, it is better to have longer shutter speeds and vice versa.
ISO sensitivity is a measure of the sensitivity of your camera sensor to the incoming light. Dimmer the lighting, higher is the ISO setting and vice versa.
The cameras that we have seen above have ISO speeds in the range of 100-6400 to 100-25600.
The latter is better to shoot pictures in low lighting conditions. The higher ISO sensitivity allows you to capture images without resorting to the flash.
HDR and Auto Focus
The advantage of having a DSLR with HDR is that it takes several photos of each scene you click, all at varying exposures.
The camera determines the best parts of each photo and decides which parts to eliminate.
The magical aspect is that the camera now combines the best parts of each photo and amalgamates it into one shot.
It comes handy when you take photos in low lighting conditions such as the sunset scene. You do not have much time to take multiple photos and decide on the best one.
The HDR functionality takes effect and captures multiple shots at different exposures. It then combines the best portions of each photo and comes up with the optimum image.
Cameras with auto-focusing features are better because they eliminate the need for manual focusing. You get the perfect shot every time.
There are other aspects to consider as well such as burst mode, video mode, connectivity, and so on.
You should also look at the camera accessories that come with your DSLR cameras such as memory cards, the capacity of these cards, camera bags, additional lenses, tripods, external flashes, and batteries, and so on.