What is the hallmark of any computer? A computer does calculations and processes data at lightning speeds. You always judge a computer by the speed with which it processes data.

The secret behind the rapid processing is the storage capacity of a computer. Therefore, the easiest way to slow down a computer is to pair the CPU (Central processing unit) with slow storage.

How is it so? How do you rectify the issue?

The CPU can handle billions of cycles per second. However, it spends a long time waiting for your hard drives to feed the data. The hard drives are sluggish because they have movable parts. Therefore, the ideal way to rectify the issue is to install a good Solid state drive (SSD).

We Highly recommend you to read the SSD Buying Guide at the end of the article to get in-depth knowledge about all the latest SSD technologies.

HDD vs SSD

FeatureSolid State DriveHard Disk Drive
Performance – File Copy / Write SpeedVery FastAverage
Power DrawLessMore
Moving PartsNone2 or More
Noise0 DB27 DB
CostExpensiveCheap
CapacityNot Larger Than 1 TBTypically Around 500 GB to 2 TB For Laptops
Boot TimeAround 10-13 secondsAround 30 – 45 seconds
Failure RateMean time between failure rate of 2.0 million hoursMean time between failure rate of 1.5 million hours
DurabilityMore DurableLess Durable
File Opening Speed30% Faster than SSDSlower than HDD

Best SSD in India

1. Crucial MX300 CT1050MX300SSD1  Internal Solid State Hard Drive

The MX300 SSD helps to increase the speed, durability, and efficiency of your system. It enables your system to boot within seconds and sail through the most demanding applications. This SSD uses the latest 3D NAND flash technology with the success of the earlier MX-series SSDs.

The Crucial MX300 has the backing of the advanced technology adopted by Micron, the leading manufacturer of SSDs in the world. The MX300 can read speeds up to 530 MB/s and write speeds up to 510 MB/s on all files thereby enabling instantaneous booting. Also, the Adaptive Thermal Protection technology helps to keep the system cool and eliminates problems caused by overheating.

These features make the MX300 as the best 1TB SSD available on the market.

Pros
  • The MX300 is over 90 times more energy efficient than the typical hard drives.
  • It extends your laptop battery’s life as it uses only 0.075 Watts of power when compared to the hard drives that use 6.8 Watts
  • The MX300 has an endurance rating of up to 220TB.
  • Boosts your drive performance up to 10 times
Cons
  • The cost is a factor, but you have attractive discounts available on Amazon.
  • Crucial does not have a customer service centre in India

2. Samsung SSD 850 EVO 250GB (MZ-75E250BW)

Samsung employs a unique technology for stacking up the cell layers in their SSDs. The 3D V-NAND flash memory is such that Samsung stacks 32 cell layers vertically instead of decreasing the cell dimensions. It results in a higher density level and better performance.

Samsung’s Install Navigator Software enables you to migrate all data and applications from your existing storage to the 850 EVO in three simple steps.

Users get the advantage of Samsung’s in-house solutions as Samsung is the only SSD manufacturer to design all the components in-house. It enables to have a complete optimised integration.

Pros
  • The 850 EVI ensures read speeds of 540 MB/s and write speed of 520 MB/s
  • The 3D V-NAND technology guarantees greater endurance and reliability
  • This SSD comes with a 5-year warranty.
Cons
  • Does not work on the MAC book

3. WD Green 120GB Internal Solid Drive (WDS120G1G0A)

The WD Green SSD boosts your everyday computing experience in your computer and laptop. Hence, it becomes easy for you to browse the web, play a game, or boot your computer within no time. The WD Green SSDs do not have any moving parts like the HDDs thereby keeping your data safe from accidental loss due to bumps and shocks.

These are the lowest power consuming SSDs in the industry. Hence, you find that your laptop runs longer while consuming less power. These attractive features make the WD Green WDS120G1G0A as the best 120GB SSD today.

Pros
  • Hastens the booting of your computers
  • Compatible with all desktops and laptops
  • Available in 2.5 7mm and M.2 2280 models thereby enabling easy upgrading
Cons
  • Users have reported slow writing speeds of 80 MB/s though the system booting time is good

4. Western Digital WDS250G1B0A 250GB Internal Solid State Drive

This SSD is available in two variants, the 250GB and 1TB capacities. The WD Blue SSDs offer superior performances with a high degree of reliability. You can upgrade your digital storage with confidence as the SSD comes with extensive lab compatibility checking.

The SSD displays read speed of 545 MB/s and write speeds up to 525 MB/s. The WD Blue is the best SSD for gaming as it is optimised for multitasking and resource-heavy applications.

Pros
  • The WD has a Mean time to failure (MTTF) rating of 1.75M hours and an endurance rating of 400TBW.
  • Multitasking is easy using this SSD. You can run several applications like editing videos, check your mail, and run a virus scan simultaneously without slowing down the system.
  • The SSD is compatible with almost all computers and laptops.
  • Get the advantage of the free WD SSD dashboard.
Cons
  • The product is expensive compared to its peers, SanDisk and Samsung.

5. Kingston SSDNow UV400 120GB SARA 3 2.5-inch Solid State Drive (SUV400S37/120G)

You get incredible speeds and a higher performance level because of a 4-channel Marvell controller powering the Kingston SSDNow UV400. The result is that it increases the responsiveness of your existing system ten times faster than the 7200RPM HDD.

This SSD is a sturdy one as it is shock and vibration-resistant. The SSD is available in multiple capacities ranging from 120GB to 960GB. The higher the capacity, the better is the performance. It is the best SSD under ₹ 3000 available on the market.

Pros
  • The Marvel Controller delivers impressive speeds with both comprehensible and incomprehensible data.
  • Installing this SSD is easy because you get the bundle kit along with the product
Cons
  • Some consumers have issues with the writing as they observed that it becomes irregular within 3 months

6. SanDisk 120GB Solid State Drive

With a sequential read speed of 530 MB/s, this SSD is 20 times faster than a typical HDD. As a result, you experience speedier booting, shut-downs, data transfers, and application response times. Secondly, this SSD does not overheat. You also experience longer battery life. It extends the life of your laptop.

This SSD does not have any moving parts. Hence, it keeps your data safe by resisting shocks and vibrations even if you drop the laptop.

Pros
  • Installing this SSD is easy as you get step-by-step instructions along with the product manual.
  • This SSD offers SLC caching thereby improving the burst write performance and improving the productivity of your laptop.
Cons
  • It is comparatively expensive for a 120GB SSD. However, you have attractive discounts available at Amazon.

7. Toshiba Memory America Toshiba OCZ TR200 Series 2.5” SATA III 960GB Internal Solid State Drive (THN-TR20Z9600U8 (CS)

The Toshiba OCZ TR200 Series SSD enables easy upgrading from the HDD. The advanced 64-layer 3D BICS Flash ensures to deliver a well-balanced performance that adds reliability and value to your desktop and laptops. This SSD enables quicker booting, faster file transfers, and enhances system responsiveness.

You experience a higher level of endurance when you use these SSDs over the traditional HDDs. The SSDs also help save power thereby resulting in longer battery life. Therefore, you can refer to this SSD as the best SSD for upgrading your laptop.

Pros
  • Enhances the performance of your computers with the 64-layer vertically stacked cell structure
  • This SSD hastens your booting and shut-downs thereby saying goodbye to HDD lag
Cons
  • The SSD has an endurance rating of 60TB, a satisfactory but not impressive one

8. PNY CS1311 960GB Internal Solid State Drive (SSD7CS1311-960-RB)

The PNY CS1311 is the ideal SSD for an entry-level upgrade from the HDD. The absence of moving parts in the SSD makes it resistant to shocks and vibrations. You also experience faster booting times, the quicker launching of applications, and better overall performance.

Pros
  • This SSD is a cost-effective appliance as you can use this device to replace your existing HDD.
  • The most significant advantage of using this SSD is the faster booting and shut-down times
  • Cost-wise, this SSD is comparatively cheaper than other SSDs of similar capacities.
Cons
  • Some users have complained of their computers stuttering after installing this SSD. Over a period, the problem disappears.

Best M.2 SSD in India

Here are some reviews of the best M.2 SSDs in India.

1. Samsung 970 EVO Series 250GB PCIe NVMe – M.2 Internal SSD (MZ-V7E250BW)

The Samsung 970 EVO series has a reputation for delivering breakthrough speeds, reliability, and a terrific range of capacity options. The Intelligent TurboWrite technology enhances the high-end gaming experience.

You get great reading and writing speeds of 3500 MB/s and 2500 MB/s. It is up to 32% faster than the previous generation. These exciting features make the Samsung EVO series the best M.2 SSD.

Pros
  • Tremendous reduction in booting times
  • In case of low RAM, the secondary storage helps deliver consistent performance in case of high memory load
Cons
  • No warranty

2. Samsung 960 EVO Series – 250GB PCIe NVMe – M.2 Internal SSD (MZ-V6E250BW)

The Samsung 960 series is the ideal SSD for both mobile and desktop computing. It is compatible with almost all laptop models that support the NVMe port. This SSD enables faster booting and loading times. The Samsung SSD is a compact one capable of holding up to 250GB of data. It is great for personal and business use.

Pros
  • Extremely quick booting
  • Excellent for loading apps
Cons
  • No warranty in India
  • The price is a factor

3. WD Blue 500GB M.2 Internal Solid State Drive (WDS500G2B0B)

The WD Blue series uses NAND technology for capacities up to 2TB to provide enhanced reliability. It also ensures that the system consumes less power as compared to the time you used the HDDs. Therefore, you can work longer before recharging your laptop.

The WD Blue M.2 Internal SSD exhibits sequential read speeds of 560 MB/s and write speeds up to 530 MB/s. You get free downloadable WD SSD dashboard software along with a 3-year warranty.

Pros
  • Enhanced speed and power efficiency
  • Compatible with almost all desktops and laptops
  • Reliability up to 1.75M hours
Cons
  • The computer should have an M.2 slot available

4. WD Green 120GB SATA III M.2 Internal SSD (WDS120G1G0B

Rely on the WD Green SSD series for boosting your booting up times in your laptop and PCs. It becomes easy to play a game or helps you browse through any application quickly when you have the WD Green 120GB SATA III M.2 SSD powering your device.

This SSD is a lightweight one. Also, it is shockproof and resists all kinds of vibrations even when you drop your laptop on the ground. It automatically results in the safety of your data. This 120GB SSD is the best SSD available for under ₹ 4000.

Pros
  • This SSD is energy efficient as it consumes less power while enhancing the life of your laptop battery at the same time
  • In spite of being the SSD of the lowest capacity, it is faster than the HDDs.
Cons
  • The 120GB SATA drives are not that popular today

5. Samsung 860 EVO Series 250GB M.2 SATA Internal SSD (MZ-N6E250BW)

The Samsung 860 EVO series is ideal for boosting the booting speeds and enhancing the performance levels of laptops and desktops alike. Samsung has come up with an advanced 960 and 970 series. Therefore, the 860 EVO series have lost out on their popularity. Nevertheless, this series is an effective one because of its high degree of reliability.

Pros
  • Enhanced speed of processing while consuming less power
  • Improve booting and shut-down times considerably
  • Costs wise, this series is ideal
Cons
  • Compared to the 960 and 970 series, this 860 series pales into insignificance

SSD Buying Guide

Some facts about SSD

You need to know the following aspects about SSDs before shopping for them.

Know your hardware better – Ensure that you have slots for the M.2 drives on your motherboard. Your computer chassis should have ample space as well. If you do not have either, you might have to opt for the 2.5-inch drive.

Capacity – Never buy any SSD having a capacity of fewer than 250 GB of storage. Go for a minimum of 500 GB. It can offer a good balance between the price and the capacity.

SATA is cheaper than the others – In case your computer supports NVMe PCIe or Optane drives, it is a good idea to buy a drive that uses these technologies. However, the SATA drives are the most common all over the world. They are cheap but offer excellent performance. You have to compromise on the speed as SATA drives are slower than the other SSDs.

SSD is any day better than an HDD – The worst of SSDs are at least three times faster than the hard drives.

We shall now address some frequently-asked questions that can help us understand the rationale behind choosing the ideal SSD for our computers.

What kind of SSD is your computer compatible with?

Nowadays, SSDs come in various form factors that operate across different hardware and software connections. The kind of SSD you need depends on the device you have. The latest gaming desktops having a mid-to-high-end motherboard can support all the types of modern SSDs.

However, the modern slim laptops are shifting towards the M.2 form factor as they do not have space for the traditional 2.5-inch laptop-style drive.

You also have some of the laptop manufacturers soldering the storage directly to the motherboard. Under such circumstances, you do not have any chance to upgrade. Therefore, you should consult your device manual and look at the options before buying the SSDs.

What are the different types of SSDs available on the market?

SSDs come in four forms

2.5-inch (SATA)SSD Add-in Card (AIC)M.2 SSDsU.2 SSDs

2.5-inch SATA (Serial Advanced Technology Attachment) is the most commonly available SSDs today. These drives mimic the shape of the hard drives of the laptops and connect over the same SATA cables and interface.

Hence, if your laptop has a 2.5-inch hard drive bay and a spare SATA connector, you can install these SSDs. However, if your desktop has the larger 3.5-inch hard drive bays, you can use a bay adapter for installing the 2.5-inch SATA.

The SSD AIC is comparatively faster than the SATA drives as it operates over the PCI Express bus. You can plug the AIC drives directly on the motherboard slots commonly used for graphics cards or RAID controllers. Naturally, it entails that these drives are only an option for the desktops. You will also need an empty slot to house them.

If you have a graphics card already installed, you will not be able to use these drives. However, the modern desktops have an additional slot available.

The M.2 SSDs are ideal for the laptops because they come in the shape of a RAM stick. However, you can also find these drives on some desktops as well. Some motherboards have more than two M.2 slots to enable you to run the drives in RAID.

Usually, the M.2 drives are 80 mm long and 22 mm wide. For example, the most common size is M.2 Type 2280 (22 is the width, and 80 is the length). The largest M.2 drives are 1 TB to 2 TB.

At first sight, the U.2 SSDs look like the SATA hard drives. These SSDs use a different connector and send data through the speedy PCIe interface. The U.2 drives are expensive as compared to the M.2 drives. They have higher capacity when compared to the others.

What capacity would you need?

SSDs come in various capacities. You can choose the appropriate one depending on the activities you usually do on your computer.

128GB Class

These SSDs have the lowest capacity. Once you load Windows and a couple of games, you will run out of space. Hence, it is not advisable for you to purchase these drives. Also, you can upgrade to the next level by spending not more than ₹ 2000.

250GB Class

Compared to the larger SSD, the 250GB Class is cheaper. However, they are also cramped for space, especially if you use your drive to house your OS,  games, and a large media library. Typically, the 250GB Class SSD should suffice, but you can always go for the 500GB if you have the requisite budget available.

500GB Class

This SSD is the ideal drive for the regular computer or laptop user. They are conveniently priced as well.

1TB Class

A 1TB drive should give you ample space for housing your OS, primary applications, games, and an extensive media library.

2TB Class

The 2TB drive is an expensive one. Regular users do not feel the need to have such drives in their computers. Professionals working with large media files or compulsive gamers having a large game library can opt for the 2TB drives.

4TB Class

These are the most expensive of all the SSDs.

You can also consider pairing SSDs of different capacities to increase the storage and speed. You save money in the bargain. A typical user would not require anything more than the 500GB Class. As of now, the high-end drives are expensive. It is better to leave them to the professionals.

Which is better, SSD with a SATA or a PCIe Interface?

We have stated earlier that the 2.5-inch SSD run on the SATA interface whereas the SSD AICs work on the PCI Express bus. The M.2 drives can work on both the SATA as well as PCI express. The fastest M.2 drives support the NVMe.

Note that the M.2 drives and the M.2 connectors on the motherboard look identical. Hence, you should check the manual for your laptop, motherboard or desktop before buying the SSD.

Your regular computer activity defines the kind of SSDs you install in it. If you use the computer for browsing the internet, office applications, or even gaming, the cheaper SATA models can suffice. You need not switch over to the faster NVMe SSDs.

However, if your job consists of video editing, file transfer, transcoding, or compression/decompression, you should invest in the faster SSDs. The NVMe SSDs provide up to five times the bandwidth than the cheaper SATA models.

How much power do these drives consume?

This question does not affect the desktop users much, but the laptop and convertible tablet users would love to have more drive efficiency. The SSDs can help enhance the battery life of these appliances.

The higher capacity drives consume more power than the less-spacious drives. For example, the Samsung 960 EVO running on the fast NVMe drive consumes more power than the Samsung 850 EVO. Battery life is a critical aspect. Therefore, it is better to consult battery testing on the SSD before buying them.

What type of storage memory do you require?

While buying an SSD for general use, there is no need for you to go into the details of the type of storage present inside the drive. However, we shall look at some of the storage memory for the sake of academic interest.

Single-Level Cell – SLC

The SLC was the first form of flash storage in the industry. As the name suggests, it stores a single bit of data per cell. Therefore, it is swift and durable. Today, you have other types of flash storage displacing the SLC.

Multi-Layer Cell – MLC

The MLC can store more data at a lower price. However, it is comparatively slower than the SLC. Not many computers use the MLC storage today. The TLC has taken over the MLC today.

Triple-Level Cell – TLC

The TLC flash is the standard storage type in the SSDs today. One has to concede that the TLC is slower than the MLC but it is denser in comparison. It allows for having spacious and affordable drives.

Quad-Level Cell – QLC

The QLC is the next stage of the solid storage revolution. The increase in the density enables you to have spacious and less expensive drives. However, the QLC SSD has recently arrived in the market.

What about the endurance factor?

The average users need not worry too much about the endurance factor. Nevertheless, they should be aware of it before buying the SSD.

One should note that all flash memory has a limited lifespan. It entails that after writing data for a specific number of times, the drive will stop holding data. The drive manufacturers list the endurance in total terabytes written (TBW) or drive writes per day (DWPD).

The flash drives available today last longer than the earlier ones. The concept of ‘over-provisioning’ helps in extending the lifespan of the drive. The concept envisages earmarking a specific portion of the drive’s capacity as a backup.

It entails that as the cells start to die over the years, the drive moves the data from the worn out cells to the fresh ones thereby extending the life of the drives. In simple terms, the drives of today will function for 3 to 5 years in the regular course.

What is your budget?

Your budget is a vital aspect that can affect your decision. The SSDs are available in the range of 120GB to 2TB.

Naturally, the 120GB drives are the cheapest of the lot, whereas the higher-capacity drives are expensive. Also, the 120GB drives do not offer adequate storage to hold software.

The difference in the prices between the 250GB and 500GB drives could be around ₹ 3000 to ₹ 7000. Therefore, one can afford to have the 500GB SSD for better performance and capacity.

Samsung manufactures SSDs over 2TB. However, the standard computer user does not need them. These drives are ideal for the professionals who need the necessary space and speed. These drives are expensive (in the range of around ₹ 65,000). Therefore, it is best only for those who can afford to buy it.

We have discussed almost all the significant aspects involving SSDs. Hence, you should be able to make the right choice of SSD. A lot depends on how much you use the computer. The price is also a determining factor.

Professionals and those involved in jobs like media sharing and so on need to go for the high-end drives.

The SSDs are necessary hardware devices that can help boost your computer and laptop speeds. This buying guide is useful to understand the subtler aspects of the SSDs. These reviews would come handy in helping you choose the most appropriate SSD for your computer systems.

Sources: tomshardwarelifewire, Wikipedia

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850 Evo seems to be compatible with Macbook.